Intentional communities links

This page contains information links rather than commercial links. For courses, products & services, see the icons to the right. If you'd like to suggest a commercial link, see our network page.

Directories / listings / networks of intentional communities, eco-villages etc.

Camphill England & Wales network of communities for people with learning disabilities and special needs
The Camphill Movement international directory
Diggers & Dreamers UK listing – this site is all you need for the UK
Eurotopia catalogue of communities in Europe
Federation of Egalitarian Communities network of intentional communities in North America
Global Eco-village Network global federation of ecological communities
Global Ecovillage Network Europe list of sustainable settlements / initiatives in Europe
Intentional Communities listing of US and international communities, plus ‘Communities’ magazine

Communes & land-based collectives – general information

Umbrella term seems to be intentional community, but also ecovillage, land co-op, commune (bit dated now, but it’s what they are, really)
Daily Mail (yes, really) article: inside America’s oldest hippie commune
D&D FAQ things to consider if you’re thinking of joining a community
The Ecovillage Movement paper on the potential for ecovillages
FIC how to visit an intentional community
The Independent good article about Lammas and new communites’ potential for offering a viable alternative to the rat race
International Communal Studies Association research, documentation and international conferences on communal living – past & present, academic & practial
International Communes Desk networking / communication group started in 1976 in Tel Aviv – publish the CALL newsletter
Kibbutzim Site information about volunteering on kibbutzim in Israel
Living Village Trust environmentally-friendly developers
New York Times article about a new wave of young professionals flocking to communes in San Francisco
Redfield Community where was born
What is an Ecovillage? paper outlining the historical attempts to define the concept
Wikipedia entry for ecovillage
Wikipedia entry for intentional community
WWOOF go and visit and work on communities via WWOOF

Starting communities

including new-build and working with / challenging the planning system
Asset Transfer Unit supports the transfer of land and buildings from public bodies to community and voluntary organisations
Ecological Land Co-op ground-breaking group in Devon, trying to change the planning system to allow new-build communities in England
FEC starting a community – step-by-step guide
Lammas Group ground-breaking group in Wales, instrumental in challenging the planning system to allow new-build communities

Consensus decision-making & conflict resolution

Living closely together, it’s very important to have a clear decision-making process and a way of resolving conflicts
People links see our ‘personal & interpersonal’ links page for links on conflict resolution and consensus

Communal living in history

The Diggers agrarian collective led by Gerard Winstanley in the 17th century
Ejido communal agricultural based on an Aztec system, and re-introduced as a constitutional right (but scrapped by NAFTA) in Mexico in the 20th century
The Essenes the first (intentional) communards? 2nd century BC next to the Dead Sea
FIC Communities Wiki list of historical communities
Fourier, Charles 19th century French philosopher with quite intricate ideas about communal living; started communities in the US, including Utopia, Ohio
International Communal Studies Association research, documentation and international conferences on communal living – past & present, academic & practial
Owen, Robert started utopian communities in Scotland and the US in the 19th century
The Shakers religious group who lived communally in North America in the 18th and early 19th centuries
Ujamaa communal agricultural system introduced by Julius Nyerere in Tanzania in the 1960s; the World Bank refused loans until it was disestablished from the state
Wikipedia list of American utopian communities from the 19th century

Religious communes

Amish simple-living Christian communities in North America
Ashrams Hindu spiritual communities
Bruderhof international network of Christian communities
Hutterites over 40,000 people in around 500 ‘colonies’, mainly in North America
Mennonites 1.7 million strong Christian sect that can be found in tight-knit communities in 82 countries
Monasteries Buddhist or Christian spiritual communities


Log output: